To put movement in a joint that is fixated, the doctor utilizes chiropractic manipulation or an adjustment to help restore normal function and motion in a joint along with many other benefits. Through peer reviewed literature, adjustments have been shown to increase mechanoreceptor input to a joint and surrounding tissues as well as turn off nociceptive input which causes pain and inflammation among other things. Our primary techniques employ gentle pressure, or a shallow thrust to restore optimal motion as well as to stimulate the area. An adjustment is sometimes accompanied by a pop or cracking noise, which results from the joint's release of nitrogen gas. There are other methods or techniques utilized by each of the Doctors at Synergy depending on the case and the person. Ranging from very gentle techniques such as Activator Protocols to Drop Table assisted techniques that take stress and pressure off of the patient's body, making it a much more comfortable experience.
What commonly happens is that a joint loses the movement it is designed to have, called a restriction. These are the areas where adjusting or mobilizing will be beneficial. If one joint loses movement, the body compensates by moving too much in other areas. This may cause degenerative changes in other joints that are compensating for the restriction. Pain may also arise in the areas that are moving too much due to the increased demand being placed on them to compensate for the areas that are restricted. To find these restrictions, our doctors utilize the Motion Palpation Technique, a dynamic way of assessing joint dysfunction to determine where there are movement restrictions in the spine and extremities. Motion Palpation doctors examine patients movements as they walk and also as they perform many other functional screens and administer weight-bearing joint analysis to identify fixations. Once a restricted joint is identified, the doctor works to mobilize the fixated areas, restoring function to these joints as well as stimulating the nervous system to help the body obtain a proper level of homeostasis. This often is done after soft tissue treatments are given due to the musculature and soft tissues surrounding the joint being tight or having adhesions in them.
To date, many studies of the chiropractic adjustment have proven its effectiveness, safety and high levels of patient satisfaction. In 1994, the U.S. Agency for Health Care Policy deemed this technique as the gold standard for treating low back pain. Since the agencies initial findings, more research has been conducted on neck pain, headaches, carpal tunnel syndrome, infantile colic and rehabilitation. Each of the study's findings supports the role of chiropractic care and its manipulative procedures.